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TOKIWA JINJA Shrine

The Deities : Giko and Rekko.

The former is well known among Japanese people as Mito Komon, or Tokugawa Mitsukuni (1628-1700),the second lord of Mito clan, and was loved over the whole length and breadth of Japan, while the latter is generally known as Tokugawa Nariaki (1800-1860),the ninth lord of Mito clan.

Tokugawa Mitsukuni Tokugawa Nariaki


The Foundation of the Shrine (Jinja).

Tokiwa Jinja was founded in Meiji 7 (1874). But before then, at the Kairakuen-park, there was a small Shido, or hall of worship, that enshrined the spirits of two great feudal lords, Giko and Rekko. The old feudal retainers continued to pay their homage at this small shrine, and they petitioned that an official shrine worthy of the Deities might be erected. On the 27th day of March in Meiji 6 (1873), this was sanctioned by the Government, and named Tokiwa Jinja. The shrine, in that year, was graded highly as Bekkaku-Kanpeisha,or a National shrine. Finally after the sanction of the petition, a site of the official shrine buildings for the great feudal lords was chosen, and the construction of the new shrine buildings for them was started. Then this project proved so popular that the people, not only in Mito itself, but in all the outlying villages, void with one another in making contributions in money, or in kind, or in labor. Thus, by the 12th day of May in Meiji 7 (1874), the handsome buildings had been constructed, and then the Senzasai, or ceremony for removing the divine spirits from their temporary abode to the new shrine was held solemnly. Nowadays, it is still commemorated annually as the Reisai, or annual festival.



The Virtue of The Two Deities.

Mito in Tokugawa Japan (1603-1867) was one of the most important clan as one of the three main families of the Tokugawa Shogunate.
Giko was the third son of Yorifusa(1603-1661), the eleventh son of Ieyasu, who had received the fief of Mito from his father. Giko left the greatest impression in the area. And as a highly regarded scholar as well as a beneficent ruler, he made a name for himself by starting the edition of the Dai-Nihon-Shi (great history of Japan). This work of historic compilation brought about the formation of a special school of historical science, known as the Mito-shigaku, and the Mito-gaku. This then, exercised a great influence in bringing about the Meiji restoration in 1868. He also promoted the development of local industries and water-work projects.
Rekko earned a place in the annals of Ibaraki and Japanese history as the builder of Kodokan. the clan school in which were taught the arts of the pen and sword. His simple yet virile spirit still lives on today and can be seen in the present-day of Mito.
Both Giko and Rekko made it their aim to lead their people in what they called the Kodo, the path of righteousness and Tokiwa Jinja carries on their great work.